Breast Surgery

Breast Surgery Connecticut & NYC

Breast surgery increases or decreases the size and shape of your breasts, and is also used to correct sagging or droopiness. Genetics, aging, weight loss or pregnancy are some factors that contribute to smaller or “deflated” breast appearance. Some breasts are uneven in appearance. These factors can affect a woman’s self-esteem. Augmentation improves a woman’s body image and in turn enhances her self-confidence. A natural breast size which complements a woman’s body is Dr. Moynahan’s recommendation.

Surgery of the Female Breast Includes:

  • Augmentation mammaplasty
  • Reduction mammaplasty
  • Mastopexy (a breast lift)
  • Augmentation with Mastopexy
  • Reconstruction of the breast

Breast Lift (Mastopexy)

Mastopexy (Breast Lift) reshapes and raises breasts that have deflated, flattened and drooped. The accompanying enlarged nipple-areolar complex is decreased in size and repositioned to the cosmetically desired position on the apex of the breast.

Breast size is not affected but may be attained by breast augmentation or reduction at the time of the mastopexy. Learn More

Breast Augmentation and Lift

(Breast Enlargement) and Mastopexy (Breast Lift) are commonly done together. We will discuss your goals and options at the time of your consultation. Learn More

Breast Reduction (Reduction Mammaplasty)

Patients with overly large breasts present with physical symptoms that have a negative impact on health and the quality of the patient’s life. Shoulder, neck and back pain are frequently experienced. Skin rashes and ridging of the shoulders may also occur. Mammograms, self examination and examination by the patient’s doctor may be compromised limiting the discovery of an early cancer of the breast. Breast reduction repositions and reduces the size of the breasts and the nipple-areolar complex. A physical and aesthetic improvement is achieved accompanied by enhancement in self-image and self-confidence. Learn More

Breast Reconstruction (Reconstructive Mammaplasty)

A lumpectomy or mastectomy often has a negative effect on a woman’s sense of her femininity and attractiveness. Breast reconstruction assists women on their path to emotional and physical recovery.

Psychologically the female breast defines a woman’s sense of self, femininity, and sexuality. Although it is the ovarian secretion of female hormones, that effect every age and every stage of a woman’s life journey it is the breast a “secondary sex characteristic” that determines her sense of womanhood and all that it implies both physically and mentally.

The female breast is a modified sweat gland that “Mother Nature” has designed to secret milk and ensure nourishment for the survival of the infant. The breast consists of glandular, fat and connective tissue. These building blocks, starting at a microscopic level lead to the construction of the size, shape and firmness of the breasts. Genetics and life choices contribute to the evolution and change of a woman’s breast.

Historical and Cultural Aspects of the Female Breast

Through all of recorded history, across cultures, time and space beginning with Neolithic carvings, through primitive paintings and classics sculptures the lush and full breast and in some instances multiple breasts on one figure focus on the life sustaining ability of the breasts while emphasizing it’s associated sexuality.

Goddess of Willendorf

Puberty is the Watershed Moment for the Female Breast


The pubescent female breast has an awakening at puberty when the breast sprouts the “ breast bud” and begins the separation from the configuration and function of the male breast.


As the young girl “ grows up” she eventually experiences menarche. This word defines the onset of puberty, leading to the slow development of the breasts. The anatomical alterations in the breasts evolve over the next several years. At 21 years old the female breast has arrived at the completion of it’s final size, shape and firmness, unless pregnancy intervenes.

However ‘Virginal Hypertrophy’ or ‘Juvenile Macromastia’ though rare may occur and are due to hormonal influences. This condition results in extremely large breasts that produce physical and psychological problems. The NAC (nipple areolar complex) may also enlarge. There are various approaches to treat this condition.


Pregnancy has a marked effect on the size, shape and firmness of the breasts and NAC as they become larger and the NAC may become darker.


Hormonal decreases at menopause result in shrinking of the glandular elements and diminishment of the fatty tissue. Skin elasticity and collagen decrease and contribute to sagging. Shoulder ridging, neck and back pain and irritation of the undersurface of the breasts may be experienced.

The benefits of plastic surgery are more than physical.

  • Many satisfied patients experience increased confidence
  • A rise in self-esteem then follows.
  • Patients have reported being “happier” and looking and feeling their “best.”
  • Many said they felt a positive impact on their quality of life.

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